You might find a rice cooker in someone’s house or you might not .
You might see a deep fryer or you might not , but something everyone has in their kitchen is a refrigerator. Refrigerators are the go to tools for everything these days .
You have some left over food to store ?
Have some vegetables that you don’t want to be spoiled ?
It’s a hot day and nothing will extinguish your thirst like a bottle of cool water ?
You see , it’s become a part and parcel of our lives . It’s the only thing in your household that runs 24 * 7 . So , when you think about it , one of the most common questions your brain would come up with , would be how many amps does a refrigerator use ?
Or in simple terms , how much would it cost me per month to keep a refrigerator working ?
For these questions , you need to understand a few things .
First of all , there are two types of current . These are :
- Direct current or DC .
- Alternating current or AC .
Most of the electronic appliances that you have in your home require an AC outlet or in non scientific terms , an alternating source of current . But some of these appliances might need direct current for their operation . Devices which run on motors ( like refrigerators which are used in our homes ) run on AC .
So what does exactly a refrigerator need electricity for ?
Well , it is quite obvious , isn’t it ?
It requires an electric source to maintain the low temperature inside it’s body.
And different refrigerators have different architecture and styles by which they keep their compartments cool .
So here are the different types of fridges :
Top freezer refrigerator :
If you know nothing about refrigerators and are a middle class person , you probably have seen this everywhere you have been . This design has been in the market since the time refrigerators became a useful appliance in everyone’s day to day activity. It is one of the simplest models known to us and is pocket – friendly . It comes in various shapes and sizes .
Side by side refrigerator :
If you want your fridge to open the gateway to your heaven ( Yes , I am talking about your food ) just like big gates open ways to massive mansions , you are looking for a side – by – side refrigerator. But with great styles , comes a small sacrifice . And the sacrifice is the compartment size . You can not store huge blocks of anything . Side-by-Side refrigerators also have the benefit of requiring a small door swing space, making them ideal for kitchens with limited area.
Bottom freezer refrigerators :
Exactly as the name suggests , the freezer is located at the bottom and quite contrary to the common believe , I feel that it is much better than the top freezer refrigerator . It provides a large block of storage space for both the refrigerator and freezer sections, allowing easy accommodation of contents in various shapes and size .
Mini refrigerators :
If you live alone and / or are in the middle of things , you might want to cut down on costs whenever and wherever you can . The mini fridge does not occupy a lot of space and hence would help you store in other essentials and also consumes less energy in the form of electricity . Mini fridges are of two types :
- With freezer .
- Without freezer .
Now that you have a fair idea about what different types of refrigerators are , let me now talk about the factors that co – relate to the power consumption by the refrigerator .
The factors are :
There are two basic types of fridges , Commercial ( ones which are seen in shops ) and Non- Commercial ( ones which we use at home ) On an average , commercial refrigerators use 10 times more electricity than non – commercial ones .
The larger the size of the fridge is , the more capacity it has and the more area for it to cool . Hence , with size , electricity consumption increases .
While it may not seem very important to you , but ventilation is an important factor when it comes to refrigerators . Poor ventilation might lead to extra consumption of energy .
All refrigerators use more power in summer than in winter as the ambient temperature is higher .
If the fridge door is opened frequently or held open, the compressor will need to work harder to keep things cool. Also, an empty fridge may need to work harder than a reasonably-stocked fridge because more ‘cool air’ is replaced with ‘warm air’ each time the door is opened .
Age and condition :
As the refrigerator gets old , it consumes more energy than the new ones . Also , newer models are designed to be more energy efficient than newer ones . The newer models also have settings that help you to manually set the temperature inside the compartment depending on the nature of food stored in it . This helps in optimization of energy consumption so that you do not pay what you don’t have to .
And now , we are done with the factors which co – relate to the power consumption by the refrigerator .
Tip : Always use a selected electric board for any high powered electric appliance rather than a normal 3 – pin connection . This will act as a precautionary measure just in case of a short circuit.
So how much electricity does a refrigerator consume ?
Fridge amps mean the measure of electrical vitality utilized by a refrigerator to cool down the compartment. For most households the amperage goes somewhere in the range of 3 and 5 on account of 120 V. You need a devoted 15 – 20 amp circuit as the beginning amperage is essentially more.
So , 15 – 20 amps is the average quantity of electric current used by the fridge .
It might also depend on the voltage drawn by the refrigerator and the power it requires for it’s functioning . To calculate the amps used ; use the formula – Watts / Volts = Amps per hour . For example, a 60-watt fridge running on a 12-volt power source uses 60 / 12 = 5 amps , but only while the motor runs .
Or for instance a commercial refrigerator , which uses 10 times the energy used by a non commercial one ( 5 amps in this case ) would use around 50 amps . Hence , on an average , it is safe to conclude that 15 amps to 20 amps would be the best estimate .